An allergy is your body's overreaction to a material that it thinks is harmful. For example, dust doesn't bother most people, but some people's bodies will try to flush it out with mucus and tears. Allergies are often hereditary.


Amblyopia, usually occurring in one eye, is a lack of developed central vision. This eye is called amblyopic. About two to three percent of people suffer from this condition, and it is often followed by strabismus (see below).


Macular degeneration, most commonly known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD) because it mainly affects people over age 65, is the leading cause of blindness in the world.

The macula is a piece of the light-sensitive retina at the back of your eye. It's responsible for sharp, direct vision needed to read or drive. This disease causes the macula to collapse and degenerate, resulting in gradual or sudden loss of central vision.


Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is irregularly shaped. A perfectly shaped cornea (which is the surface of your eye) is spherical, allowing all light rays to enter your eye to focus on the retina. This allows you to see images sharply and crisply. With astigmatism, the shape of the cornea is irregular causing the light rays to focus on two points rather than one. The result is blurred or distorted vision.


The human eye is similar to a camera. Your eye contains clear lens through which light passes for you to see. And like a camera, when the lens of the eye is cloudy, some light becomes blocked. When a human eye lens becomes cloudy, it is called a cataract. Cataracts cause a gradual, painless loss of vision.


The inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin, clear membrane over the white part of the eye. It also lines the eyelids.

Diabetic Retinopathy

The systemic disease diabetes can cause several health problems, one of which is diabetic retinopathy. Diabetics have high blood sugar, which causes the blood vessels in the retina to swell, leak blood, and damage the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eye. If not treated, this disease can cause blindness.

Drooping Eyelids

This condition is also called ptosis. Ptosis affects only the upper eyelid and can be present in both eyes or one eye. The lid can slightly droop just enough that it's barely noticeable, or the drooping lid can cover the whole pupil. Drooping eyelids affect both children and adults.

Dry Eyes

Dry eye syndrome is a chronic lack of adequate lubrication and moisture in the eye.


Farsightedness, or hyperopia, is a refractive error similar to astigmatism and myopia. People with hyperopia have problems seeing objects close to them clearly, like reading or viewing a computer screen.


Like your blood, your eye has pressure. When intraocular pressure (IOP) rises to dangerous levels, it harms the optic nerve. With very high pressure or higher than normal pressure over a period of time, vision loss occurs, and blindness may eventually be a result.


Keratoconus is a gradual disease, often appearing in the teens or early twenties, in which the cornea becomes thin and changes shape. The cornea is usually a round or spherical shape, but with keratoconus the cornea swells, distorts, and assumes more of a cone shape. This changes the way light enters the eye and hits the light-sensitive retina and results in distorted vision. Keratoconus may occur in one or both eyes.

Light Sensitivity

Light sensitivity, also called photophobia, is an intolerance of light. Light sensitivity may occur with sunlight, incandescent light, or fluorescent light. Sometimes people with this condition are bothered only by bright light.


Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a refractive error like astigmatism and farsightedness. People with myopia have difficulty seeing distant objects clearly, like road signs, while near vision is sharper for tasks such as reading or viewing a computer screen.

Ocular Hypertension

Just like the blood, the eye has a pressure. Ocular hypertension is higher than normal pressure of the eye. Glaucoma is a similar but more serious condition, with related vision loss and optic nerve damage. Ocular hypertension causes no harm to vision or the eye.


During middle age, normally beginning in the 40s, people experience fuzzy or blurred vision up close, such as when reading or working at the computer. This happens to everyone at some point in their life, even if they never needed vision correction before.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a serious and sight-threatening event. It occurs when the retina becomes detached from its underlying supportive tissue. The retina cannot function when these layers are separated, and unless it is re-attached as soon as possible, permanent vision loss may result.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa is a rare, inherited disease in which the retina of the eye slowly and gradually degenerates, eventually causing blindness.

Spots and Floaters

Spots and floaters are small specks that pass across your field of vision, occasionally in front of your central vision or in your peripheral vision.


Strabismus is when your eyes are misaligned. Both eyes are not aligned in the same direction together. One eye moves normally, while the other points in, out, up, or down.


A stye (also spelled "sty") is when the gland at the edge of the eyelid becomes infected or inflamed. The stye looks like a pimple on the eyelid and can occur on either the inside or outside of the lid. Styes can occur at any age and are not harmful.


262 Mitylene Park Dr.
Montgomery, AL 36117
Phone: 334-260-8511

10200 U.S. Hwy. 231
Wetumpka, AL 36092
Phone: 334-567-7722



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